What Is Debt?
Debt is something, usually money, borrowed by one party from another. Debt is used by many corporations and individuals to make large purchases that they could not afford under normal circumstances. A debt arrangement gives the borrowing party permission to borrow money under the condition that it is to be paid back at a later date, usually with interest.

Understanding Debt
The most common forms of debt are loans, including mortgages, auto loans, personal loans, and credit card debt. Under the terms of a loan, the borrower is required to repay the balance of the loan by a certain date, typically several years in the future. The terms of the loan also stipulate the amount of interest that the borrower is required to pay annually, expressed as a percentage of the loan amount. Interest is used to ensure that the lender is compensated for taking on the risk of the loan while also encouraging the borrower to repay the loan quickly to limit their total interest expense.

Credit card debt operates in the same way as a loan, except that the borrowed amount changes over time according to the borrower’s need—up to a predetermined limit—and has a rolling, or open-ended, repayment date. Certain types of loans, including student loans and personal loans, can be consolidated.

Types of Debt
There are four main categories of debt. Most debt can be classified as either secured debt, unsecured debt, revolving debt, or a mortgage.

Secured Debt
Secured debt is collateralized debt. Debtees usually require the collateral to be property or assets with a large enough value to cover the amount of the debt. Examples of collateral include vehicles, houses, boats, securities, and investments. These items are pledged as security and the agreement is created with a lien. Upon default, the collateral may be sold or liquidated, with the proceeds used to repay the loan.

Like most classes of debt, secured debt often requires a vetting process to verify the creditworthiness of the borrower and their ability to pay. In addition to the standard review of income and employment status, the ability to pay may include verifying the collateral and assessing its value.

Unsecured Debt
Unsecured debt is debt that does not require collateral as security. The creditworthiness and the debtor’s ability to repay are reviewed before consideration is given. Since no collateral assignment is issued, the debtor’s credit profile is the primary factor used in determining whether to approve or deny lending.

Examples of unsecured debt include unsecured credit cards, automobile loans, and student loans. How much is loaned is often based on the debtor’s financial position, including how much they earn, how much liquid cash is available, and their employment status.

Revolving Debt
Revolving debt is a line of credit or an amount that a borrower can continuously borrow from. In other words, the borrower may use funds up to a certain amount, pay it back, and borrow up to that amount again.

The most common form of revolving debt is credit card debt. The card issuer initiates the agreement by offering a line of credit to the borrower. As long as the borrower fulfills their obligations, the line of credit is available for as long as the account is active. With a favorable repayment history, the amount of revolving debt may increase.

A mortgage is a debt issued to purchase real estate, such as a house or condo. It is a form of secured debt as the subject real estate is used as collateral against the loan. However, mortgages are so unique that they deserve their own debt classification.

There are different types of mortgage loans, including Federal Housing Administration (FHA), conventional, rural development, and adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs), to name a few. In general, lenders use a baseline credit score for approval, and those minimum requirements may vary according to the type of mortgage.

Mortgages are most likely the largest debt, apart from student loans, that consumers will ever owe. Mortgages are usually amortized over long periods, such as 15 or 30 years.

Corporate Debt
In addition to loans and credit card debt, companies that need to borrow funds have other debt options. Bonds and commercial paper are common types of corporate debt that are not available to individuals.

In this video We’ll be explaining what Private Banks and Debt Based Money is, how it works, and why it exists

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