Google is constantly working to reduce spam in the SERPs. However, when they roll out bigger changes, they announce them as updates to let the marketers make relevant changes to their strategies and maintain rankings. The latest spam update rolled out on October 4th, 2023, and was completed on October 20th, 2023.

Google’s Policies on Spam:
https://developers.google.com/search/docs/essentials/spam-policies

Barry Schwartz’s Article on the Spam Update:
https://www.seroundtable.com/google-october-2023-spam-update-working-36179.html
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