Periodontitis is a disease that attacks the supporting tissues of the tooth. Its attack is at the bone level and the damage involved is irreversible. This problem is the result of the accumulation of certain bacteria that release destructive toxins. Tartar carries microorganisms. Periodontics aims to eliminate all rough spots that impede the attachment the gum to the root of the tooth. In the case of periodontitis that is just beginning, the treatment consists of a scaling similar to that done during the regular visits, including the tartar cleaning. The difference is that this one is done under local anaesthesia so as to avoid any pain during the sampling of deposits lodged more deeply. Periodontal flap surgery is a technique often used following the failure of a less aggressive approach or when access to the rough spots becomes difficult because the tartar is located too deeply. Moreover, the lack of visibility adds the difficulty of removing all deposits thus impelling the healing of the tissues. Periodontal flap surgery consists of shifting the gum to allow a good view of and direct access to the surface to be smooth down. Bone remodelling can also be done in order to recover the natural anatomy, thus enabling easier brushing and flossing. Once the root has been freed of its imperfection, the gum is replaced and held in place with stitches or glue. Take note that certain surgeries can bring about the exposure of part of the root which might lead to sensitivity to cold or hot foods. After periodontal surgery, it is very important to have a thorough follow up so as to maintain healthy gums. A scaling every three months is usually suggested. The frequency of the follow-ups will be determined by your dentist or your specialist as the case may be.
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The information in this capsule contains general information and is for educational purposes.